On November 26, the Indian Constitution had been enacted by the Constituent Assembly in 1949, India celebrates Constitution Day, also known as Samvidhan Divas.
The Constituent Assembly committed the task of creating the Constitution to a committee directed by Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar after India gained independence. The Constituent Assembly was presided over by Dr. Rajendra Prasad, India’s first President.
Dr. Ambedkar finished the text of the Indian Constitution in early 1948 and presented it to the Constituent Assembly. This draft was adopted on November 26, 1949, with just minor changes.
On January 26, 1950, the Indian Constitution went into effect.
The Constitution’s Preamble defines India as a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic, to ensure justice, liberty, and equality for all citizens, as well as promote fraternity to safeguard the nation’s unity and integrity. Here’s the Constitution Of India :
“WE, THE INDIA PEOPLE, have solemnly resolved to form India into a republic.
SOVEREIGN SOCIALIST SECULAR DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC, and to ensure the following for all of its citizens:
SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, AND POLITICAL JUSTICE
THOUGHT, EXPRESSION, BELIEF, FAITH, AND WORSHIP LIBERTY;
EQUITY OF STATUS AND OPPORTUNITY; and to encourage among all of them
FRATERNITY ensures the individual’s dignity as well as the nation’s unity and integrity.
DO HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT, AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY THIS TWENTY-SIXTH DAY OF NOVEMBER, 1949 “.
- India’s constitution incorporates elements from the United Kingdom, Ireland, Japan, the United States, South Africa, Germany, Australia, and Canada.
- In 1946, India’s Constituent Assembly was established. It met for 166 days over 2 years 11 months and 18 days.
- The Indian Constitution is a handwritten document. It is one of the world’s longest manuscripts. The English version contains a total of 1,173,369 words.
- The word “socialist” was not included in the Indian Constitution’s preamble at first. The word was inserted during the emergency by the 42nd amendment act of 1976. So far, this is the only change to the preamble.
- The Government of India Act, 1935, is the foundation of the Indian Constitution.
- Original handwritten copies of the Constitution are kept in helium-filled containers in Parliament House’s library.
- The Constituent Assembly gathered on November 26, 1949, and the passage of the Constitution was welcomed by loud and lengthy cheering and thumping of desks.
- In his speech before putting the motion to pass the Constitution, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, President of the Constituent Assembly, paid tribute to Mahatma Gandhi and said, “I shall only hope that all those whose good fortune it may be to work on this Constitution in the future will remember that it was a unique victory which we achieved by a unique method taught by the Father of the Nation, and it is up to us to preserve and protect the independence that we have won and to make it permanent.”
- The historic session of the Constituent Assembly ended with Purnima Banerjee, a veteran independence fighter, singing the National Anthem, ” Jana -Gana- mana adhinayaka Jai Hey, Bharat Bhagya Vidhata” after the Constitution was passed. Mr. Chatterjee believes so, too.
- Later, the assembly, in conformity with the Constitution, chose Dr. Rajendra Prasad.